The greatest challenge is stating the problem in a way that will allow a solution.

Tuesday, May 1, 2018

Dog TV

Monday, April 30, 2018

The five habits that can add more than a decade to your life

 A woman jogs in the countryside with her dog. Photograph: Alamy 

The five habits that can add more than a decade to your life

 The five healthy habits were defined as:

1-not smoking;
2-having a body mass index between 18.5 and 25;
3-taking at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise a day,
4-having no more than one 150ml glass of wine a day for women, or two for men; and
5-having a diet rich in items such as fruit, vegetables and whole grains and low in red meat, saturated fats and sugar.

The five habits that can add more than a decade to your life

Major study calculates effect on lifespan of habits including healthy eating and not smoking

People who stick to five healthy habits in adulthood can add more than a decade to their lives, according to a major study into the impact behaviour has on lifespan.

Researchers at Harvard University used lifestyle questionnaires and medical records from 123,000 volunteers to understand how much longer people lived if they followed a healthy diet, controlled their weight, took regular exercise, drank in moderation and did not smoke.

When the scientists calculated average life expectancy, they noticed a dramatic effect from the healthy habits. Compared with people who adopted none of them, men and women who adhered to all five saw their life expectancy at 50 rise from 26 to 38 years and 29 to 43 years respectively, or an extra 12 years for men and 14 for women.

“When we embarked on this study, I thought, of course, that people who adopted these habits would live longer. But the surprising thing was how huge the effect was,” said Meir Stampfer, a co-author on the study and professor of epidemiology and nutrition at the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health.

The researchers performed the analysis in the hope of understanding why the US, which spends more on healthcare as a proportion of GDP than any other nation, ranks 31st in the world for life expectancy at birth. According to the World Health Organization, life expectancy at birth in 2015 was 76.9 and 81.6 years old for US men and women respectively. The equivalent figures for Britain are very similar at 79.4 and 83 years old.

The study, published in the journal Circulation, suggests poor lifestyle is a major factor that cuts American lives short. Only 8% of the general population followed all five healthy habits. The research focused on the US population, but Stampfer said the findings applied to the UK and much of the western world.

The five healthy habits were defined as not smoking; having a body mass index between 18.5 and 25; taking at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise a day, having no more than one 150ml glass of wine a day for women, or two for men; and having a diet rich in items such as fruit, vegetables and whole grains and low in red meat, saturated fats and sugar.

Men and women who had such healthy lives were 82% less likely to die of heart disease and 65% less likely to die of cancer compared with those with the least healthy lifestyles, over the roughly 30 years of the study.

Given that the habits of a healthy lifestyle are well known, the mystery is why we are so bad at adopting them, said Stampfer. Part of the problem is that many people struggle to give up smoking, and the continuous peddling of unhealthy food, as well as poor urban planning, which can make it hard for people to exercise, also feed in, he said.

“I do think people need to step up and take some personal responsibility, but as a society we need to make it easier for people to do that,” he said.

“People can get stuck in a rut and think it’s too late to change their ways, but what we find is that when people do change their ways, we see remarkable benefits.”

Major study calculates effect on lifespan of habits including healthy eating and not smoking

Impact of Healthy Lifestyle Factors on Life Expectancies in the US Population

Yanping Li, An Pan, Dong D. Wang, Xiaoran Liu, Klodian Dhana, Oscar H. Franco, Stephen Kaptoge, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Meir Stampfer, Walter C. Willett, Frank B. Hu


Background—Americans have a shorter life expectancy compared with residents of almost all other high-income countries. We aim to estimate the impact of lifestyle factors on premature mortality and life expectancy in the US population.

Methods—Using data from the Nurses' Health Study (1980-2014; n=78 865) and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2014, n=44 354), we defined 5 low-risk lifestyle factors as never smoking, body mass index of 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2, ≥30 min/d of moderate to vigorous physical activity, moderate alcohol intake, and a high diet quality score (upper 40%), and estimated hazard ratios for the association of total lifestyle score (0-5 scale) with mortality. We used data from the NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys; 2013-2014) to estimate the distribution of the lifestyle score and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention WONDER database to derive the agespecific death rates of Americans. We applied the life table method to estimate life expectancy by levels of the lifestyle score.

Results—During up to 34 years of follow-up, we documented 42 167 deaths. The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios for mortality in adults with 5 compared with zero low-risk factors were 0.26 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22-0.31) for all-cause mortality, 0.35 (95% CI, 0.27-0.45) for cancer mortality, and 0.18 (95% CI, 0.12-0.26) for cardiovascular disease mortality. The population-attributable risk of nonadherence to 5 low-risk factors was 60.7% (95% CI, 53.6-66.7) for all-cause mortality, 51.7% (95% CI, 37.1-62.9) for cancer mortality, and 71.7% (95% CI, 58.1-81.0) for cardiovascular disease mortality. We estimated that the life expectancy at age 50 years was 29.0 years (95% CI, 28.3-29.8) for women and 25.5 years (95% CI, 24.7-26.2) for men who adopted zero low-risk lifestyle factors. In contrast, for those who adopted all 5 low-risk factors, we projected a life expectancy at age 50 years of 43.1 years (95% CI, 41.3-44.9) for women and 37.6 years (95% CI, 35.8-39.4) for men. The projected life expectancy at age 50 years was on average 14.0 years (95% CI, 11.8-16.2) longer among female Americans with 5 lowrisk factors compared with those with zero low-risk factors; for men, the difference was 12.2 years (95% CI, 10.1-14.2).

ConclusionsAdopting a healthy lifestyle could substantially reduce premature mortality and prolong life expectancy in US adults.

Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Thoughts Become Things

 Affirmations Motivate: Thoughts Can Become Things

“A man is literally what he thinks, his character being the complete sum of all his thoughts.” – James Allen, As a Man Thinketh.

Thoughts are powerful. Thoughts lead to actions. Actions over time become habits. And habits lead to long-lasting results.

Ultimately, our thoughts create our destiny.

Repetition is the mother of all skill.

Powerful Affirmations Because Thoughts Can Become Things


Allen Frances



Chair, DSM-IV

Task Force. Former Chair, Duke Dept of Psychiatry
Joined February 2013

Tuesday, April 24, 2018

Wise Words

Wisdom is the leader: next follows moderation; and from the union of these two with courage springs justice. – Plato

Wise Words

Sorry fI mawga dawg, mawga dawg tun round bite yuh. Jamaican Proverb, Jamaican sayings, Patois.

Monday, April 23, 2018

'Same old used to be' in our happy home.


'Same old used to be' in our happy home.

Beat It On Down The Line


Beat It On Down The Line

Lyrics: Jesse Fuller
Music: Jesse Fuller
Grateful Dead - Beat on down the line 1972

[Verse 1]
Well this job I've got is just a little too hard
Running out of money, lord, I need more pay
Gonna wake up in the morning lord, gonna pack my bags
I'm gonna beat it on down the line

[Chorus 1]
I'm going down the line, going down the line
Going down the line, going down the line
Going down the line, going down the line
Beat it on down the line

[Verse 2]
Yes I'll be waiting at the station lord, when that train pulls on by
I'm going back where I belong
I'm going back to that same old used-to-be
Down in joe brown's coal mine

[Chorus 2]
Coal mine, coal mine, coal mine, coal mine [x3]
Down in joe brown's coal mine

[Verse 3]
Yeah, I'm going back to that shack way across that railroad track
Uh huh, that's where I think I belong
And that's where I'm gonna make my happy home

Happy home, happy home, happy home, happy home [x3]
That's where I'm gonna make my happy home


Sunday, April 22, 2018

Based on Gabor Mate’s work,204,203,200_.jpg  

Based on Gabor Mate’s two decades of experience as a medical doctor and his groundbreaking work with the severely addicted on Vancouver’s skid row, In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts radically reenvisions this much misunderstood field by taking a holistic approach. 

Dr. Mate presents addiction not as a discrete phenomenon confined to an unfortunate or weak-willed few, but as a continuum that runs throughout (and perhaps underpins) our society; not a medical "condition" distinct from the lives it affects, rather the result of a complex interplay among personal history, emotional, and neurological development, brain chemistry, and the drugs (and behaviors) of addiction. Simplifying a wide array of brain and addiction research findings from around the globe, the book avoids glib self-help remedies, instead promoting a thorough and compassionate self-understanding as the first key to healing and wellness.

In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts argues persuasively against contemporary health, social, and criminal justice policies toward addiction and those impacted by it. The mix of personal stories—including the author’s candid discussion of his own "high-status" addictive tendencies—and science with positive solutions makes the book equally useful for lay readers and professionals.

Thursday, April 19, 2018

Boredom: How it Affects Someone With ADHD

Boredom: How it Affects Someone With ADHD

Jeremy was a bright student who worked hard and succeeded academically. He was bored easily, but he loved to learn and had done exceptionally well at a prestigious university. As a result, Jeremy attained his dream of being accepted to med school.
He expected that medical studies would be an extension of the smorgasbord of intellectual challenges he had experienced in college. But Jeremy was soon disappointed.
The memorization of more or less unimportant facts made Jeremy and his brain feel half asleep. He resorted to simultaneously listening to both the television and the radio to remain awake enough and have sufficient attention to commit to memory what he needed for his exams.
That Jeremy’s brain began to fall asleep when confronted with uninteresting information was an important sign that Jeremy had attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Your Brain’s Role in Boredom

Despite the endless controversy, ADHD is a legitimate brain disorder that results in problems with low stimulation and boredom.

Because the prefrontal cortex or governing system of the brain is impaired in ADHD, there is also often difficulty with executive functions or common forms of self-regulation, including focus, attention, concentration, goal-setting, planning, organization, and impulse control.
And, they have difficulty tolerating boredom. In fact, many individuals with ADHD feel understimulated—even bored—because the activity in the front of their brains is too low.

ADHD and Stimulation

Some individuals with ADHD experience low prefrontal cortex activity and under stimulation to an extreme degree.
Activities that would make most of us tremble with anxiety—such as motorcycle racing or skydiving—seem to calm these individuals, probably because these exciting activities boost the low activity in their PFC.
For example, a man I knew who was an airplane wing walker required an extreme amount of stimulation was for him to feel calm and comfortable.
Most of us would be paralyzed by anxiety walking on the wing of an airplane mid-flight, but this man, who normally experienced boring situations as remarkably intolerable, was optimally stimulated when engaging in his hobby.
He stopped being distracted and became simply mindful, alert, and fully aware in the present moment. Why?
Well, the adrenaline pumped out by his adrenal glands boosted his typically very low-functioning PFC, so he felt calm and focused walking on wings instead of rattled by his normal state of intense boredom. To each his own, for sure.
This is the important point I want to make:

Many people with ADHD have difficulty tolerating boredom, and many seek out experiences in which intensity or stimulation is high.
Sometimes the stimulation is extreme. The wing walker overcame his intolerable boredom by walking on the wings of an airplane in mid-flight.
But the stimulation can also be of a different order.
Think of those who are “addicted” to their iPhones and other mobile devices, because the constant pings alert them to new information; novelty stimulates and relieves their boredom.

ADHD’s Interference With Everyday Tasks

Many individuals with ADHD who could barely spend ten minutes doing boring activities such as paying bills or doing their taxes can easily lose themselves for many consecutive hours playing exciting video games.

The constant change and feedback they receive by playing overcome their boredom.

The stimulation, novelty, and excitement get them to pay attention. Without it, they are apathetic, fatigued, or spacey.
Some patients with ADHD even become bored in their relationship with a romantic partner after several months; they break off the relationship, not because it is a bad one, but because they need a new relationship, a new person, someone fresh, novel.

At Amen Clinics, we understand the pain and frustration that ADHD can cause for families and adults.  We approach each individual with a sense of compassion and respect. Our experienced clinical staff will take a full history of each patient using The 4 Circles Approach before beginning treatment with SPECT imaging or making other recommendations. Connect with us today by calling 888-288-9834 to learn more – we are waiting to help you, or schedule a visit today!


What’s stopping you from losing weight?

Don't use your troubled upbringing as a crutch or an excuse for your bad choices and anti-social behavior.

Find out what renews your mental energy — and what doesn’t

Boredom, late nights and watching TV: 

What’s stopping you from losing weight?

IF YOU can’t drop the pounds despite watching what you eat, it could be your lifestyle that’s to blame. 

Tweaking your daily routine can work wonders for weight loss.

Lifestyle changes such as watching less TV and getting a proper night's sleep aids weight loss

You may have banished bread, ditched the wine and stopped snacking between meals but no matter what you try the pounds just won’t shift. 

According to the experts your lifestyle could be the problem.

By making simple changes to your day-to-day routine you could lose weight effortlessly and without cutting out your favourite foods.

According to the Journal of the American Dietetic Association people who eat slowly have on average a BMI 11 per cent lower than those who eat quickly.
“Foods when eaten quickly lead to high food intake and low satiating effects,” says Claudia Louch, of the Harley Street Skin And Nutrition Clinic.

“Scoffing your food only provides brief periods of sensory exposure which give the body insufficient cues for satiation.”
It takes some time for receptors in our stomach lining to signal to our brain that we are full. Eating slowly facilitates this process and makes us eat less as a result.

“When drinking diet sodas people allow themselves to binge on other foods,” says Claudia.
The body is tricked into getting ready to absorb nutrients and when it only receives chemicals from a diet drink the brain conveys the message that we need to eat something in order to make up for the lack of vitamins and minerals.
“When we drink diet soda it provides a sweet flavour but no real sugar,” adds Claudia.
“This triggers the body into craving real sugar as our blood sugar levels have become unstable. This brings on food and sugar cravings in particular.”
She advises drinking water instead, as any drink that isn’t H2O triggers the body’s gastric juices that make you feel hungry.

Going to bed at a reasonable time and getting enough sleep may prevent late night snacking 
Recurrent sleep deprivation increases our desire for high-calorie foods because when you are tired fatty foods send reward signals to your brain.
“Lack of sleep can affect the hormones that regulate your appetite and this can lead to obesity,” says Claudia.
“Sleeping for less than five hours a night appears to increase the likelihood of weight gain. In Western societies chronic sleep restriction is common and food widely available.”
Avoid reaching for the wrong foods by making sure you get your recommended seven hours of shut-eye a night.


“Walking is always a good thing and not just for aiding weight loss,” says Claudia. 

“However if you are on a diet it may help you to lose weight a little faster.” Driving everywhere certainly won’t help you drop those unwanted pounds.

 Walking for an hour a day can burn up to 250 calories and over a year that could help you lose 4 pounds.

If an hour a day seems a stretch too far start small and walk to the end of the road and back. Even walking to the bus stop is enough to get your heart rate up.
Studies have shown that regular public transport users are up to 13 per cent less likely to become obese.

Putting the needs of others before your own increases your risk of overeating. 
You may accept food when you don’t want or need it because you feel pressured to do so.
It’s important to get the balance right and to feel comfortable to refuse politely if you don’t wish to eat something.
“Forming friendships with people who will be supportive is terribly important as it can be difficult to keep up morale alone,” says Gillian.

Settling down to a TV dinner might be your ideal night in but if your mind is preoccupied you are more likely to eat without realising it.
Even the adverts remind you of food and trick you into thinking you are hungry.
“It is the quality of the food you eat in front of the TV that is a problem,” warns Claudia.
“If you were to eat only low energy foods such as cucumber it wouldn’t matter as much.”

Create a distinct place and time for eating proper meals such as at the kitchen table.
Train yourself into not engaging with foods outside those set places.


If you have ever thought to yourself, “This is the last time I’m going to have a takeaway and then I’ll stop” this thought process is known as permissive thought.

“We all have them,” says Gillian Todd, senior lecturer at Norwich Medical School. “You just need to be aware of them and try not to accept them.”

Ask yourself instead how much better you will feel if you resist eating it. She also advises keeping a detailed record of everything you eat before you consume it.

“If you have to acknowledge that you’ve had a biscuit by writing it in a diary it may just be enough time to reconsider.”
We all have setbacks in life and weight loss is no different.

“It is important to learn from your setbacks rather than beating yourself up about them and feeling down,” says Gillian. 

“Don’t give up and try putting it into perspective. Think of strategies to get back on track and have a better day tomorrow.”

If you have a lot of weight to lose it can seem overwhelming. 
“Change your cognitive process to acknowledge that losing even just one pound is a good thing.”


“To help you stay motivated try to think about why you want to lose weight in the first place,”
says Gillian.

On the inside of your fridge keep a list of questions such as: “How would you like to look?” and refer to them when feeling disillusioned.

“Rather than looking at long-term goals think about what you want to achieve by next week,”
she says.

Give yourself short-term goals with non-food related rewards.
If you lose a certain amount go to the cinema or have a massage. 

The busier you are the less time you’ll have to think about food.
Being content also makes choosing healthy foods easier.

“One of the key elements to weight loss and weight maintenance is to keep active,”
says Gillian. 
“When trying to lose weight people often become preoccupied with thinking about food. 
Having hobbies to distract from those thoughts is key to psychological wellbeing.”
Try a hobby with other people for added social support, such as a team sport.


Thursday, April 5, 2018

Meditation Benefits

To experience the benefits of meditation, regular practice is necessary. It takes only a few minutes every day